By Olga Oliker, Richard Kauzlarich, James Dobbins, Kurt W. Basseuner, Donald L. Sampler

An evaluation of humantarian-assistance efforts by way of the interplay among civilian and army prone within the early levels of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.

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Extra info for Aid During Conflicts: Interaction Between Military and Civilian Assistance Providers in Afghanistan

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Military and USG policymakers also employ a number of contentious terms. Nation-building is one term that has generated much controversy, particularly in recent years. Complex contingency operation describes the problem rather than the efforts to reach a solution, and it provides little in the way of specification, since few military operations are not both complex and contingent. Stability operations is another term that is prone to be misunderstood. The purpose of such operations is, after all, to reform affected communities rather than to perpetuate their conditions—as stability might be understood to imply.

S. military involvement in humanitarian and humanitarian-type assistance efforts has varied. Doctrine guides the activities of the military to some extent. S. military civil-affairs units, which have the responsibility for interaction with civilian agencies and support of humanitarian assistance delivery, structure their activities differently, depending on the given situation. S. forces are responsible for supporting, a situation of reasonable security is 14 Aid During Conflict expected. Under such circumstances, civil-affairs forces are doctrinally guided to support civilian humanitarian assistance efforts.

INTERFET initially resisted providing escorts for humanitarian convoys and later asked for 48 hours’ notice, which the IOs and NGOs found impractical. Summary of IO/NGO Paradigms The “international community” intervened forcibly in both Kosovo and East Timor to address humanitarian catastrophes that were political in origin. 36 In both Kosovo and East Timor, multinational military forces were initially the sole source of security. They had capacities without which civilian aid providers could not operate.

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