By Karen A. Feste (auth.)
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Extra resources for America Responds to Terrorism: Conflict Resolution Strategies of Clinton, Bush, and Obama
Framing is a way to make certain aspects of the perceived reality more or less salient, which, in turn, lead to certain interpretations and conclusions of the text. It induces a particular kind of understanding of events. Framing serves a as a context cue to shortcut literal descriptions of what kinds of knowledge a speaker wishes to activate in their audiences. There is no shortage of framing applications of political leaders. Chapter Two Presidential Frames of Terrorism Decision makers form conscious or unconscious framing judgments in deciding what to say.
Rather, they are a synthesis of two equally important sources of influence— first, the teachings of Abdullah Azzam, the leader of the Afghan mujahideen during the 1980s, and second, the Saudi opposition movement that arose in the early 1999s and sought to Islamize Saudi society in response to Western penetrations. Deployment of Western troops to Saudi soil in the 1991 Gulf War fit the narrative of those who said that Western cultural influence in the kingdom was a precursor to a Western military reconquest of Middle East territory.
Purpose framing is an attempt by leaders to insert organizing themes that will affect how the targets and the public perceive an issue. To illustrate how the framing process functions, Mintz and Redd describe the rhetoric of President Bush on the war in Afghanistan. Bush consistently framed the opposition between the United States and Osama bin Laden, al Qaeda, and the Taliban as a conflict between good and evil. ” Bush also repeatedly framed the opposition to the United States as one between freedom and democracy on one side versus terror and oppression on the other.