By Shoib Ahmad Baba, Nasheeman Ashraf

This publication is a made of years of study on saffron biology. It intends to offer a vast yet concise evaluation of a few of the facets of apocarotenoid biosynthesis in Crocus sativus, its rules and pharmacology .

Crocus sativusL. of kin Iridaceae is a crucial medicinal plant. The dried stigma of C. sativus flower is taken into account because the world's most expensive spice. Saffron is the resources of precise carotenoid derived molecules referred to as apocarotenoids which come with crocin, crocetin, picrocrocin and safranal. those molecules are synthesized within the tissue and developmental level particular demeanour. in addition to delivering color, aroma and flavour to the spice, those molecules have great medicinal value.

The ebook uncovers significant ideas of apocarotenoids biosynthesis and offers deeper and extra entire figuring out approximately their biotechnological and pharmacological applications.

The ebook is split into 3 sections –

The first part offers a basic creation of C. sativus, its apocarotenoids, their biosynthesis, legislation and shipping. moment part presents information regarding the carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases (CCDs) that are the most important gamers in apocarotenoid biosynthesis. The class of plant CCDs, their constitution, response mechanism, biotechnological software are completely mentioned. the ultimate part offers with the foremost pharmacological houses of C. sativus apocarotenoids, starting from their position as anticancer to their software as neuroprotective molecules.

This is a certainly one of its sort booklet on Crocus sativus. It can be priceless for the researchers operating on Crocus sativus, students and likewise practitioners considering extraction and bio-synthesis of the important clinical components.

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2006; Vogel et al. 2010; Ilg et al. 2010). CCD4 enzymes are involved in the production of β-ionone by cleaving β-carotene or β-apo-8′carotenal at the C9–C10 double bond (Huang et al. 2009; Rubio et al. 2008). Similarly, CCD7 and CCD8 are involved in strigolactone biosynthesis. These two enzymes carry out the sequential cleavage of β-carotene leading to the production of carlactone, a strigolactone-like compound that has been very recently identified in planta. 2 Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenase Family of Crocus sativus L.

CCDs are generally involved in the synthesis of volatile compounds that can attract the pollinators such as α- and β-ionone, safranal, pseudoionone, grasshopper ketone, etc. (Bouvier et al. 2005a, b). Expression of CCDs in transgenic plants can play an important role in the act of pollination by the production of pollinator attractants. In some cases, this approach may have the limitations as the production of a volatile in a transgenic plant may attract the enemies of the plant or even the enemies of the pollinators (Horiuchi et al.

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