By Sanford C. Goldberg

Sanford C. Goldberg provides a unique account of the speech act of statement. He defends the view that this sort of speech act is answerable to a constitutive norm--the norm of statement. The speculation that statement is answerable to a robustly epistemic norm is uniquely suited for clarify assertion's philosophical significance--its connections to different philosophically fascinating themes. those comprise subject matters in epistemology (testimony and testimonial wisdom; epistemic authority; disagreement), the philosophy of brain (belief; the idea of psychological content), the philosophy of language (norms of language; the tactic of interpretation; the speculation of linguistic content), ethics (the ethics of trust; what we owe to one another as information-seeking creatures), and different issues which go beyond any subcategory (anonymity; belief; the department of epistemic exertions; Moorean paradoxicality). Goldberg goals to carry out those connections with out assuming whatever concerning the specified content material of assertion's norm, past concerning it as robustly epistemic. within the final part of the booklet, besides the fact that, he proposes that we do most sensible to work out the norm's epistemic general as set in a context-sensitive model. After motivating this idea by way of entice Grice's Cooperative precept and spelling it out by way of what's together believed within the speech context, Goldberg concludes by means of noting how this kind of context-sensitivity will be made to sq. with assertion's philosophical significance.

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If one follows that route, then an analysis of assertoric force is in order. But it is also worth pointing out that it is possible as well to reverse the order of analysis here, so that assertoric force is whatever force is distinctive of acts of assertion. Clearly, if one were to employ this order of analysis, one would need an independent characterization of the speech act of assertion. And this is indeed what I propose to offer in this book. ). Rather, we should begin with what we would hope such a characterization could explain.

You might wonder why he is doing so—what the point of his doing so is. Still, the order of explanation goes against what the common ground account would predict: on the strength of your knowledge of the conveyed self-representation implicit in assertion, you can conclude that the purpose of his monologue, whatever it is, must involve his desire to tell you various things he takes to be (known to be) true. Essentially the same point might be put this way: at least sometimes, and arguably always, the knowledge that a speaker has made an assertion is all the context we need in order to determine that she is representing herself as knowledgeable regarding (or at least as justifiedly believing) what she says.

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