By John MacFarlane
John MacFarlane debates how we would make experience of the concept fact is relative, and the way we would use this concept to provide pleasurable bills of elements of our inspiration and speak that experience resisted conventional equipment of study. even supposing there's a sizeable philosophical literature on relativism approximately fact, going again to Plato's Theaetetus, this literature (both seasoned and con) has tended to target refutations of the doctrine, or refutations of those refutations, on the rate of claiming in actual fact what the doctrine is. against this, Assessment Sensitivity starts off with a transparent account of what it really is to be a relativist approximately fact, and makes use of this view to provide pleasant debts of what we suggest once we discuss what's tasty, what we all know, what is going to take place, what could be the case, and what we should do. The ebook seeks to supply a richer framework for the outline of linguistic practices than ordinary truth-conditional semantics offers: person who permits not only common contextual sensitivity (sensitivity to good points of the context within which an expression is used), yet assessment sensitivity (sensitivity to positive factors of the context from which a use of an expression is assessed).
The Context and Content sequence is a discussion board for striking unique examine on the intersection of philosophy, linguistics, and cognitive technology. the final editor is Francois Recanati (Institut Jean-Nicod, Paris).
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Extra info for Assessment Sensitivity: Relative Truth and its Applications
7 (Newton-Smith 1981: 35) 6 For similar arguments, see also Husserl (2001: 79), Burke (1979: 204), Newton-Smith (1982: 107–8), Swoyer (1982: 105), Stevenson (1988: 282–3). For critical discussion, see White (1986: 332), Hales (1997a: 39), and Kölbel (2002: 119–122). 7 Newton-Smith seems to have inadvertently reversed “Θ” and “Ψ” here. The equivalence schema 37 This argument has some surface plausibility, and it may have led some relativists to put their position as a thesis about the truth of utterances or assertions (construed as acts) rather than propositions.
But the solution, I will urge, is not to abandon the whole project of truth-conditional semantics, but to broaden it. 4 A relativist approach Our discussion so far suggests the following desiderata for a satisfactory account of the meaning of “tasty”: 1. Generality. Our account should explain the contribution “tasty” makes, not just to simple sentences, but to all of the sentences in which it can occur. 2. Assertion conditions. Our account should explain why speakers who know first-hand how something tastes are warranted in calling something tasty just in case its flavor is pleasing to them (TP).
He would not be able to assert anything at all in the normal sense, and even if his utterances had the form of assertions, they would only have the status of interjections—of expressions of mental states or processes, between which and such states or processes in another person there could be no contradiction. (Frege 1979: 233) Moltmann (2010: 213) spells out the worry in a more contemporary setting: If a speaker utters chocolate tastes good then, knowing the truth-relative semantics of the sentence, the speaker should know that the content of his truth-directed attitude or act would be true just relative to his own context.