By M. L. Windsor, P. Hutchinson (auth.), Derek Mills, David Piggins (eds.)

At current fishing for salmon in Norwegian domestic water is performed with go with the flow nets, bag nets, bend nets, carry nets and stake nets within the sea, and customarily by means of rods within the rivers. seize records were gathered considering the fact that 1876, yet reliability of the statistics is questionable. The premiums of exploitation on many Norwegian salmon shares are very excessive, and information are provided and mentioned for River Laerdal, River Eira and River Imsa shares. because of this heavy exploitation with nets, the frequency of net-marked salmon coming into rivers is excessive in particular for griIse, even supposing such a lot net-marked salmon are just somewhat broken. it's endorsed that mortality of salmon which are net-damaged pay attention or in brackish water is comparatively small in comparison with salmon that get away from nets at the excessive seas. a few attainable results of selective fishing also are mentioned. 159 prestige of Exploitation of Atlantic Salmon in Norway REFERENCES Anon. (l985a) Salmon and sea trout fisheries 1984. primary Bureau of records of Norway, Oslo - Kongsvinger, ninety six pp. (in Norwegian with English precis) Anon. (I985b) document of assembly of operating staff on North Atlantic salmon. ICES C. M. 1985/ investigate, eleven, sixty seven pp. Angelsen, ok. ok. and Holm, M. (I978) Rapport om garnforslllk med laks, Fisk og Fiskestell, . ; 15-17. (in Norwegian) Berg, M. , Abrahamsen, B. and Berg, O. ok. (I986) Spawning of injured in comparison to unhurt lady Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Aquaculture and Fisheries administration, l.

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Additional resources for Atlantic Salmon: Planning for the Future The Proceedings of the Third International Atlantic Salmon Symposium – held in Biarritz, France, 21–23 October, 1986

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28 Chapter Four EXPLOIT ATION OF THE RESOURCE IN FRANCE1 J. P. Tane 3 and M. 1 INTRODUCTION The exploitation of a resource assumes both quantitative and qualitative knowledge. That of the salmon resource, whether exploitable or not, implies the control of its evolution in its different areas. In space, investigations must then concern spawning grounds, nursery areas in the river, catadromous migration routes, gathering zones in estuaries, marine migration routes towards feeding grounds, feeding areas, then homing routes in the sea and in the rivers up to the upper reaches, and finally the spawning areas.

In Canada, we in the conservation movement continue to believe that present policies will go a long way towards restoration of our salmon runs to somewhere near their former levels. However, we are puzzled by the numbers of large salmon and grilse found in our rivers this season. By any standard 1981 was not a good spawning year, based on the numbers of spawners in most of our eastern North American rivers. We could not fortell the bountiful retu(,n we have witnessed this year. I believe it is not enough to explain the large numbers of returning fish as being the result of 'extremely good sea survival'.

There are approximately 425 licence holders involved, and the original fund proposed by the Government amounted to some 4 miUion doUars. Through negotiations with its commercial fishermen, New Brunswick this year offered an additional 2 miUion doUars which brought the fund up to $4 miHion (not including Ottawa's $2 miUion). Salmon conservationists, through the Atlantic Salmon Federation (ASF) have been urging the governments to proceed with the buy-back programme as expeditiously as possible. The ASF has indicated that it is prepared to add a further $2 miUion to the buy-back fund in the belief that an extra few thousand doUars per licence may be the incentive required to encourage the majority of commercial licence holders to accept this offer.

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