By Sarah Grogan
Sarah Grogan offers a complete evaluate of the topic of physique photograph, pulling jointly various learn from the fields of psychology, sociology, media, and gender reviews in males, ladies, and youngsters. This moment variation has been completely revised and up-to-date to mirror the numerous bring up in learn on physique picture because the first version used to be released, together with new empirical facts amassed in particular for this article. as well as interpreting proof for sociocultural affects on physique photo, the booklet additionally stories contemporary literature and comprises new findings on physique amendment practices (cosmetic surgical procedure, piercing, tattooing, and bodybuilding). It takes a serious examine interventions designed to advertise confident physique photograph and in addition makes an attempt to hyperlink physique picture to actual overall healthiness, having a look specifically at motivations for in all likelihood health-damaging practices corresponding to anabolic steroid use and plastic surgery. the one textual content thus far that examines the issue of physique snapshot, concentrating on males and kids in addition to ladies, physique photo may be beneficial to scholars and researchers within the zone in addition to people with an curiosity in find out how to advertise confident physique picture.
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Extra info for Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction in Men, Women and Children (Second edition)
Psychologists working within a biological framework have stressed the healthiness of the slender ideal. However, there is evidence that being slightly overweight may have health beneﬁts for women, and that being very thin may impact negatively on health. Social psychologists have emphasized the importance of cultural factors in determining what is attractive, demonstrating that the slender ideal is relatively recent, and has become thinner over the last few years with the emergence of the (male and female) “waif” model in the 1990s and its continuation since 2000 in spite of some challenge to this ideal.
These data show that discrepancy in size between how women perceive themselves and how they would ideally like to look is not a speciﬁcally American phenomenon. Gail Huon and colleagues (1990), in another Australian study, used photographs of women varying in size from very thin to very fat instead of the silhouette pictures, and found very similar results to the silhouette work. Forty young women were asked to pick one photograph that represented their own size, one to represent their ideal, one that they thought most men would prefer, and one that they thought most women would prefer.
The scale is speciﬁcally designed for women, produces separate scores on each of the subscales, and covers a wider range of body-related attitudes than alternatives such as the Cooper et al. (1987) scale. ” The authors found that concern about being fat was central to women’s attitudes about their bodies, and that this was particularly marked in relation to concern with the lower half of the body. They also found that “body disparagement” (where the woman agrees to statements such as, “My life is being ruined because of the way I look” and “I prefer not to let other people see my body”) was common in their sample of 504 Australian women respondents.